We can distinguish numerous parameters based on which we will systematize electrical vehicles. Based on possibility of external charging, the fundamental and interesting criterion is to define whether the vehicle be charged externally.
Hybrid – a combination of a combustion and electric engine which does not allow for charging of the battery using EV charges.
PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) – this is a hybrid of a combustion and electric engine which can also have its battery charged from a power socket. Most PHEV vehicles can only be charged using AC current electricity. There are however vehicles (e.g. Mitsubishi Outlander), which can be charged using electricity with either an AC or DC current.
BEV / BOEV (Battery Electric Vehicle / Battery Only Electric Vehicle) – vehicles only with an electric drive. All BEV vehicles can be charged from a power socket with an AC or DC current.
When using an alternating current (AC), the charging time for an electric vehicle depends on the charging station as well as on the vehicle itself. AC charging takes place using a so-called Mode 3, which means that there is communication between the vehicle and the charger; the vehicle defines the maximum permitted charging power, which is dependent on the inverter installed within the vehicle.
In the case of AC charging the time required to charge depends on the power of the charger, as well as the power of the inverter installed within the vehicle.
DC charger allows for faster charging of a vehicle than normal. Currently we offer two charger models, the QC45 which guarantees quick 50kW charging from 0 to 80% charge in just under 30 minutes and the QC20 which guarantees quick 20kW charging from 0 to 80% charge within an hour. Both devices are equipped with a CHAdeMO, CCS/Combo and AC sockets. Thanks to them you can charge a vehicle during a break for a meal or a small cup of coffee.
The power of the connection depends on the power of the charger. In the case of AC charging station, it is between 3.7kW and 22kW.
In the case of AC chargers: Type 1 and Type 2.
In the case of DC chargers: CHAdeMO or CCS - Combo T2.
Obviously, there is a regularly updated map indicating the public and private locations where charging facilities have been installed.
The website: www.plugshare.com will give you not only information about where in the entire world you can charge your vehicle, but also you can find out which are currently been used.
An on-board charger as a mobile solution allows you to top-up your charge while you are on the road, in a location far away from home. Charging stations at home guarantee that your vehicle will always be fully charged when we are leaving home for a shorter or longer trip.
Dedicated home chargers also have the advantage over public charging points in that they are always and only at your disposal. There is no risk that arriving at a charging station, you will find that the terminal available is broken or is currently being serviced.
A private home charger is also entirely adjusted to your vehicle. There is no risk of non-conformity of standards between sockets in the terminal and your vehicle.